Scientific Name: Emberiza capensis
Habitat: It generally prefers dry shrubland and heathland on rocky ridges and plains, open woodland along dry watercourses, villages and gardens, rarely moving into thickets of alien Port Jackson willow (Acacia saligna) and Rooikrans (Acacia cyclops).
Distribution: Occurs from Angola and Malawi to southern Africa, where it is especially common in South Africa and Lesotho while more scarce in patches of Namibia and Zimbabwe, marginally extending into Botswana and Mozambique.
Diet: It mainly eats seeds, fruit, basal nodes of grasses and arthropods, doing most of its foraging on the ground among rocks, forbs and shrubs, sometimes entering buildings to feed on food items on the floor.
Monogamous solitary nester, building a cup of grass, roots and twigs lined with rootlets, fine grass, fluffy seeds and hair. It is typically placed in a low shrub, bush or creeper, but it may also use overgrown rock ledges and man-made sites such as a bunch of small containers in a workshop.
Egg-laying season is from October-June, peaking from September-November in South Africa and from December-April in Zimbabwe.
It lays 2-5 eggs, which are incubated for about 13-16 days.
The chicks are fed by both parents, leaving the nest after about 10-13 days.